Print ISSN: 1818-5746

Online ISSN: 2313-4429

Volume 8, Issue 1

Volume 8, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2009, Page 1-129


Effect of adding Nigella sativa seed powder to ration on some production and physiological characters of the broiler (Lohman) exposed to a high degrees of temperature

F. R. A. AL-Kafagy; I. L. H. AL-Jaryan

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 63-70

Effect of adding Nigella sativa seed powder to ration on some production and physiological characters of the broiler (Lohman) exposed to a high degrees of temperature

F. R. A. AL-Kafagy I. L. H. AL-Jaryan
Coll. of Agric. / Univ. of Babylon
Abstract
The aim of the experiment study the effect of adding amilled black seed (Nigella sativa) to the diet on some of productive and physiologyical characters for broiler exposed to a high cycle temperature (28- 35- 28 cº).One hundred and fifty,one day old unsexed broiler chicks (Lohman) are used and divided , as the following :-
- Control treatment (T0) without adding (Nigella sativa) to the diet .
- Treatment (T1 ,T2 ) were currently fed (0.35 ,0.7% ) of (Nigella sativa) respectively .
- Treatment (T3 ,T4 ) of (0.35 ,0.7% ) of (Nigella sativa) respectively added to the diet interruptly for (12)hours along the experiment for (600- 1800) , were broiler exposed to cycle temperature (28- 35- 28 cº) , and the peak temperature during a day was (1200- 1800) during study period .Measurement are taken at 6-8 wks.
The result reveald that in general a significant increased in body weight, weight gain, feed consumption, and total protein, a significant decrease in feed conversion ration, body temperature, cholesterol concentration, Uric acid concentration and the activity of Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminas (GOT), Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminas (GPT) for treatment T¬¬1-T4 compared with T0 . The best result was in T2 .
The study confirmed that adding Nigella sativa improved productive and physiological characters and hygiene of broilers .

The effect of pregnancy and fetal sex on blood picture of Awassi ewes.

N. W. Zaid

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 123-129

The effect of pregnancy and fetal sex on blood picture of Awassi ewes.
N. W. Zaid
Coll. of Vet. Med. / Unive. of Baghdad
Abstract
This study was conducted on (22) Awassi ewes at age 3-3.5 years, to study the effect of pregnancy months and post parturient periods and fetal sex on some of blood picture. The red and white blood cells, mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the lymphocyte, neutrophile and monocyte white blood cells showed statistical effect during pregnancy months and post parturient periods. The sex of fetus recorded a significant effect on the same previous parameters mentioned. It was concluded from this study,that ,pregnancy months, post parturient periods and fetal sex had significantly effect on the blood picture in Awassi ewes.

Natural date vinegar as a natural dye in staining and preservation of some tapeworm specimens and other parasite's eggs

G.Y. Al-Emarah; Sh. J. K. Al-Ali; M. A. Ahmed

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 25-30

Natural date vinegar as a natural dye in staining and preservation of some tapeworm specimens and other parasite's eggs

G.Y. Al-Emarah Sh. J. K. Al-Ali M. A. Ahmed
Coll. of Vet. Med. /Unive. of Basrah. Coll. of Sci./ Unive.of Basrah.
Abstract
Preparation of Specimens is one of the important technique in the investigation study of parasites infection and this process is complicated so this study deals with staining and preservation of tapeworm's specimens(Moniezia expansa adult worm) and preserve other parasite's eggs (Diphyllobothrium latum and Toxocara canis) by using a simple method and inexpensive, available, non toxic, unharmed and locally produced material (Natural Date Vinegar).The results showed that the Natural Date Vinegar had the ability to preserve eggs specimens that were used in the study (100 %) ; it also showed that the Natural Date Vinegar had the ability to stain and preserve about (75%) of tapeworm's specimens which kept their shape and their internal structure after 6 years from preparation and they were compared with other specimens stained by Aceto Carmin which their internal structure appeared unclearly after the same period of time .
Key words : Diphyllobothrium latum, Toxocara canis, Moniezia expansa, Natural Date Vinegar, staining, preservation .

Effect of diluents in prevention of virus inactivation during drinking water vaccination against Newcastle disease

N. A.Shehan; D.H.Sadek. E.A.H; A.A.S.AL-Mayah H. A. ALTaher; Q. A. AL-Obodi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 14-18

Effect of diluents in prevention of virus inactivation during drinking water vaccination against Newcastle disease

A.A.S.AL-Mayah H. A. ALTaher Q. A. AL-Obodi N. A.Shehan D.H.Sadek. E.A.H
Coll. of Vet. Med./ Unive of Basrah
Abstract
Newcastle disease (ND) drinking water type vaccines secured at the time of actual field application and adequate viable virus were proven to produce an immune response .ND virus vaccines of live lentogenic strains including Hitchner B1 and LaSota were used in this study. These two vaccines were given to the birds of all groups at 7th and 21st day of age respectively. The vaccines were thoroughly mixed with distilled water and administered to group A. Group B was administered the vaccines with Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) water, whereas group C was given the vaccines after mixing with tap water. Tap water plus powder skim milk (P.S.M.) as a diluent for vaccines was given to group D, while group E was served as negative control. Each group was consisted of 20 birds .Blood samples have been collected randomly from 10 chicks of each group 14 days post last vaccination and the serum was stored in deep freezing until needed. The mean hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titer of each group indicated that the addition of P.S.M.at 1:400w/v concentration overcame the adverse effects of tap water resulting in titer which was higher than that of tap water only. The results also indicated that chicks vaccinated with ND vaccines when prepared in R.O.drinking water vaccination showed a high HI titer as compared with that chicks vaccinated with ND vaccines prepared in tap water only. When distilled water, tap water + P.S.M. and R.O. were used in drinking vaccination against ND, HI tests showed that all chicks were given a high immune response to ND vaccine and only chicks vaccinated with ND vaccine prepared in the tap water had given a low immune response to ND vaccine. The results of this study indicated the great value of R.O. in drinking water vaccination of chickens.

Reproduction and fecundity of Liza abo (Hekel,1836) in Al-Wand camal

T.Sh.Naif; R.H.Manssor; R.A.Jwad

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 100-107

Reproduction and fecundity of Liza abo (Hekel,1836) in Al-Wand camal
R.H.Manssor* T.Sh.Naif ** R.A.Jwad***

Abstract
A total of 68 Liza abu Fish , were collected from Al – Wand canal branch of Al-husinia River, Kerbala during the period from December 2007 to January 2007.Total length and weight ranged between 125 – 215 mm, 22.86 –110.2g respectively. The aim of present study was to illustrated some aspects of reproduction biology for Liza abu.Gonads Somatic Index (G.S.I.) for male and female recorded highest value in February 2.6 and 8.7 respectively , the lower value recorded in Jun.Seven maturity stages were distingue for ovary and sex stages for testis.The smallest length of mature male were 128mm (weight) 23.4g and the smallest length for mature . Female were 140 mm (length),37.8g (weight). The absolute fecundity ranged from 97256 ova for 57.8g fish measuring 151mm total length to 208569 eggs for110.2g fish, 215mm total length, and the relative fecundity ranged from 1682 to 1891 eggsg body weight. The relationship of absolute fecundity (F) with the total length (L) and total weight (W)was positive and high :
Log F = 4.22 + 2.91 log L r = 0.98
Log F = 4.08 = 1.58 log W r = 0.93

The toxicity of alcohol and the role of vitamin C with this toxicity

E. H.Al-Taae; S. S.Al- Rubbeei; R.N.Al-Saadi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 19-24

The toxicity of alcohol and the role of vitamin C with this toxicity

E. H.Al-Taae R.N.Al-Saadi S. S.Al- Rubbeei
Coll.of Vet.Med./Unive.of Baghdad Institute of technical medicine/ Baghdad

Abstract
In order to study or evaluate the toxic effect of alcohol in mice and the role of vitamin C as a protective factor in this toxicity, a group of mice was given alcohol alone .Another second group was given alcohol with vitamin C for 90 days, and the third group represent the control group.Histopathological changes were showed hydropic degeneration and vacuolation with enlargement of the hepatocyte and then progress to fatty change.in addition there is necrotizing changes which being widely shown with the time of treatment,over a wide area at 90 days.These changes accompanied with inflammation which started after 2 weeks of experiment which characterized by a slight infiltration and then progress of lymphoid follicles in the parenchyma of the liver and cuffing of congested blood vessels. Also there is infiltration of fibroblast with increase activity of hepatocyte division.The second group of alcohol with vitamin C showed less severity changes than the first group which treated with alcohol only.

Histopathological Study on Necrotic Enteritis Disease in broiler chickens.

A. R.A Alaqaby

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 11-15

Histopathological Study on Necrotic Enteritis Disease in broiler chickens.
A. R.A Alaqaby
Coll. of Vet.Med. /Unive. of Al-Qadisyia
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of necrotic enteritis disease in broiler chicks in some of poultry houses of broiler chicken in Al-Diwaniyah, which have a high mortality rate, by relying on clinical signs ,gross pathological lesions and histological changes for intestine, liver and spleen.The most important clinical signs in these chickens were inactivity and lack of movement and diarrhea, with cases of mortality in well-fleshed birds.The samples were collected from these chickens, small intestine, liver and spleen, in which macroscopic pathological lesions were noticed.The intestine was full or distended with gases and reindeer velvet surface, with congestion of liver and spleen. When histological films were make for this organs , the histological changes recorded in the wall of intestine infected birds were areas of necrosis with a degenerative cells in that region, also there was hemorrhage in the liver and in the spleen.

An in vivo phytolectin induced skin test and T-cell mitogenicity

I. M.S. Shnawa; L. A .A .Albyatee

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-7

An in vivo phytolectin induced skin test and T-cell mitogenicity

I. M.S. Shnawa L. A .A .Albyatee
Coll. of Sci./ Unive.of Babylon

Abstract
Cucemis melo (C.M) Cucemis sativus (C.S) Citrullus vulgaris (C.V) and Citrullus colocynthus (C.C) seed lectins were separated and partially characterized as biurate positive , have glucose polarity and agglutinate ovine washed 1% erythrocyte suspension The dose determination for these phytolectin mitogenicity were found equal to a mg /50 gm chicks. The white leghorn Giallus domesticus two days old chicks were found as valid animal model for T cell mitogenicity as wing skin test. The C.M, C.S , CN and C.C lectin solutions were found mitogenic in wing skin test model. C.S lectin was the best mitogen among the others. This mitogenicity was of simple positive linear type and it was dose dependent . Refadin and tuberculin were found as immunomodulant of cellular immunosuppressive characters . These, immunomodulating potentials was dose dependent and of simple linear negative type. The developed test system was helpful as an in vivo test for evaluation of T-cell mitogenicity and cellular immunomodulation.

Evaluation of surgical treatment of mastitis in Rabbits

A .S S. Hamza

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 116-122

Evaluation of surgical treatment of mastitis in Rabbits
A .S S. Hamza
Coll.of Vet . Med/ Univ. of Al-Qadisiya.
Abstract
A study was performed for diagnosis of infection ratio with mastitis in Rabbits for the period from January 2002 – January 2003 and the efficacy degree of it's surgical treatment , So the Rabbits Females ( 240) which are found in houses of both sides of Baghdad city (Al- karh and Al-Rusafa) were examined. The results referred that the infection ratio with mastitis was low and formed 1.19%.The Staphylococcus aurous was isolated from the Superlative Mastitis from all cases . And sensitivity tests referred to that the bacteria was sensitive to antibiotics as following sequence :-
1. Rifampicin . 2. Trimoxazole . 3. Tetracycline
4. Chloramphenicol 5. Streptomycin 6. Gentamycin
The recovery occurred for all cases which are treated surgically by Amputation of mammary glands and this refer to successful of surgical treatment for mastitis cases in Rabbits .

Study the effect of Lawsonia inermis extract on the Trichophyton mentagrophytes in vitro and in vivo

A. H. A.Al-Hamadani; B. M. M. Al-Mehna

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 108-115

Study the effect of Lawsonia inermis extract on the Trichophyton mentagrophytes in vitro and in vivo

A. H. A.Al-Hamadani B. M. M. Al-Mehna
Coll.of Med./ Unive. of Al-Qadissiya Coll. of Vet.Med./ Unive. of Al-Qadissiya

Abstract
This study was include the preparation of watery and alcoholic extracts of Lawsonia inermis leaves and study their effect in growth inhibition of Trichophyton mentagrophytes In vitro using plate method and In vivo using laboratory mice by treating it with prepared ointment from these extracts & compared the effects with antifungal drug (clotrimazole) that commonly used in treatment of skin fungal infection.Results showed that the prepared extracts gave a statistically significant inhibitory effect on growth of Trichophyton mentagrophytes and the alcoholic extract was the most effective formula in an inhibitory effect on growth of tested fungus, where it showed in three concentration (15,20,25 mg/ml) an equal inhibition to antifungal (clotrimazole) which was 100%.A prepared ointment from alcoholic extract in a concentration 5% was tested for treatment of the experimentally infected skin of mice by Trichophyton mentagrophytes using scratching . The recovery period was 16 days in compared with 14 days for antifungal (clotrimazole)

In Ovoject vaccination against Gumboro and Newcastle diseases

N.S.Jafer; A. S.AL-Bana; A. A.H.zahid

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 16-23

In Ovoject vaccination against Gumboro and Newcastle diseases
A. A.H.zahid N.S.Jafer A. S.AL-Bana
Coll.of Vet.Med./Univ.of Baghdad
Abstract
This study is considered the first trail study in our country to apply in ovo-vaccination to immunize chicks against avian viral diseases. This method was conducted by using 150 chick embryos classified into three equal groups ( 50 embryos each group). The first group was inoculated with gumboro disease virus-GDV (Lukret-strain). Second group was vaccinated with NDV and GV(Gumboro virus) the third group (control group)was inoculated with sterile phosphate buffered saline. All vaccinated groups were inoculated in the amniotic sac. Result showed the both vaccine did not reveal any negative affect on the percentage of hatchability and livability of the vaccinated chicks. Agar gel immune precipitin (AGP.) and ELISA tests were used to detect the level of immunity in group of chicks vaccinated with GV and GV& NDV double vaccine and non vaccinated (control group).Results showed a higher mean of antibody level in both vaccinated groups at age of 28 days by AGP and ELISA in addition the level of antibodies were lower in double GV& NDV vaccine group to those vaccinated by GV. Group bursa of Fabrics index were used to evaluate the effect of GV Vaccine, the result revealed that there is no damage to bursa.

Study of epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis in samawa city

R.M. Abdul- Hassan; A. A. N. Al-Zawidy

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-4

Study of epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis in samawa city
A. A. N. Al-Zawidy R.M. Abdul- Hassan
Coll. of Sci./Univ.of AL-Muthana

Abstract
A study of (269) infectious cases that referred to Al–Samawa city hospital–branch of thoracic diseases. The diagnosis done by direct examination of sputum samples using Ziehle–Neelson stain. The results showed that(102)case 34% are positive and (165) are negative for this stain. Infections in males are more than females. The comparison among the age intervals show that interval of(15–35)years was more subjected to infection than other intervals. Also these results were accompanied by x –Ray test to the patient chest .

Isolation and identification of some species of microbes from cows milk and their sensitivity for antibiotics at Basra

A. Lyli; A.Y.Jassim; E.Abdul Wadood

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 41-46

Isolation and identification of some species of microbes from cows milk and their sensitivity for antibiotics at Basra province
A. Lyli E.Abdul Wadood A.Y.Jassim
Coll. of Vet.Med./ Unive. of Basra
Abstract
Bacterial culture of 100 milk samples of cows,73 of them with clinical mastitis and 27 apparently health showed that 92 milk samples have abacterial growth, six species and genus were isolated includes Staphylococcus aureus (%33.12), Streptococcus Spp.(%24.84), Escherichia coli (%12.88), Salmonella Spp. (%0.92) , Klebsiella Spp. (%1.84) , Fungi (%6.44) include(%80) and(%20) Candeda spp. and Aspergillus spp. respectively in clinical mastitis, and(%0.46) mixed infection.All these species and genus were mentioned in previous studies which pointed that this causes still the common causes of clinical and subclinical mastitis of cows. Antibiotic sensitivity test showed that Staph. aureus and Streptococcus Spp. were more sensitive for Erythromycin , Gentamycin and Neomycin,whereas, E.coli, Salmonella Spp. and Klebsiella Spp. were more sensitive for Chloramphenicol , Gentamycin and Kanamycin.

Serological study of toxoplasmosis in Diwania

G. A. jasim; K. A. Dawood; N. A. Faeroz; S. A. Salman

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 31-34

Serological study of toxoplasmosis in Diwania

G. A. jasim K. A. Dawood N. A. Faeroz S. A. Salman
Coll. of Vet. Med./Unive of Al-Qadisyia Institute of Technology /Al-Diwania

Abstract
One hundred and fourty blood samples were collected from the women attending the clinics of the children and maternity hospital of AL-Diwania city.These women either born congenital abnormal infants who were died immediately after parturition others child were with abnormal size of the head. The dead children with psychopathy.The sera of the women who with dead child were the most positive cases (+++, 47%) in comparison to the sera of the psychopathy children were the lowest percent 12% of (+) positive test.The abortion of both women with died child and women with abnormal size head classified to first, second and third abortion. The first abortion was the highest number (25%) while the third abortion was the lowest number (8.5%).

Isolation of Causative Bacteria from respiratory infections in pre weaning in calf at Samawa city

R .A.H.M.Jawad; A.. A . N. Al Zayadi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 5-10

Isolation of Causative Bacteria from respiratory infections in pre weaning in calf at Samawa city

A.. A . N. Al Zayadi R .A.H.M.Jawad
Coll. of Sci./Univ.of AL-Muthana
Abstract
Four – handerd and ten samples as (310) nasal swabs( 57) lang samples ( 43) blood samples were collected from pre-weaning calf (1 – 3 _ month age were suffered from respiratory infections . This study showed the isolation of ( 376) isolates which distributed in to 11 different genus of bacteria whereas (34) samples revealed a negative result . Results showed that E.Coli was the communist bacteria( 30.31 %) of is olates followed by Pasteurella Multocida (18.88%) while other bacteria that isolated Klebsiella Pneumonia , as acommon species were Streptococcus , Staphylococcus , Pasteurella ,Haemolytica ,Enterobacter , Corynebacterium pyogens , Proteus ,Pseudomonas, Sensitivity to antibiotics of these isolates were studied all isolates showed sensitivity as 100% of Norfluxacin and Ciprofluxacin ,Gram's positive bacteria and Pasteurella showed sensitivity 100% of tilmicossim compared with Gram's negative bacteria were showed resistance to it with percentage 30%.

Effect of levamisole and vitamin C supplementation on humoral immunity of broiler chicks

F.S.Kadhem

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 24-30

Effect of levamisole and vitamin C supplementation on humoral immunity of broiler chicks
F.S.Kadhem
Coll.of Vete.Med./ Univ.of AL-Qadisyia
Abctract
This experiment was conducted to study the effect of both levamisole and vitamin C on the immunity of broilers. 100 chicken males were divided in to four groups (25 for each)as follows, group (1)as acontrol;group (2) given levamisole 10mg/kg BW; group (3) given vitamin C 300mg/kg feed and group (4) was given levamisole 10mg/kg BW with vitamin C 300mg/kg feed.All groups were vaccinated with Newcastle vaccin at 10,20 &30 days ,protein level & Newcastle antibodies were measured at 19,29 &39days for all groups.The groups 2 ,3 & 4 were significantly increased with protein level & Newcastle antibodies from group(1), but the group (4) was significantly increased from groups 2&3 .it was concluded that levamisole and vitamin C together have improved the immune status and performance of chicken better than each ones.

Genetic Variation for epidemiological human Echinococcus granulosus from different regions of Iraq

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 55-62

Genetic Variation for epidemiological human Echinococcus granulosus from different regions of Iraq
S. S. Muhsin A.L.Jiad R. N.Mommed
Institute of Medical Technology
Abstract
This study includes Genetic analysis of isolated DNA from hydatid cyst collected from human (16) samples from different geographical regions of Iraq . by using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) . In the present study (4) random primers have been used , to determine the genetic variation depending on found or absent of specific band in the samples .
The results have shown the following :-
1// The ability of the primer OPF–13 to determine genetic marker which is
OPF-13 1800 bp specific for samples which were collected from human from northern regions of Iraq .
2// The ability of the primer OPF – 16 to determine two genetic marker which one of them is OPF–16 650 bp specific for samples which were collected from human from northern regions of Iraq . and the another is OPF–16 500 bp specific for samples which were collected from human from southern region of Iraq .
3// There was no ability from the primer OPF–19 to found any band for samples which were collected from human from northern regions of Iraq thus for advertise never used this primer to determine the genetic variation for this samples .
This study has shown Genetic variation in strains of Echinococcus granulosus which was collected from intermediates hosts (human) from different geographical regions of Iraq .

Lengthening of the flexor tendons by autogenic extensor tendon and ear cartilage grafts

A. H. Allawi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 45-52

Lengthening of the flexor tendons by autogenic extensor tendon and ear cartilage grafts
A. H. Allawi
Coll. of Vet. Med. / Univ. of Mosul
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lengthening the superficial digital flexor tendon after resecting part from it by an autogenus graft from extensor tendon and ear cartilage in rabbits. This was conducted on twelve animals. The animals were inspected clinically and biopsies were taken from the grafts and the normal tendon at 15 and 30 post operative days. Clinical examination of experimental animals and the patch grafts showed no apparent abnormalities and occurrence of simple bulge site of operation in animal treated with ear cartilage. Histopathological examination showed extensive formation of dense connective tissue in animals treated with ear cartilage with invasion of cartilage by connective tissue was seen at 30 post operative day in comparison with the group treated with extensor tendon. Faster formation of granulation tissue with presence of tendon tissue similar to original tendon were seen in animals treated with extensor tendon grafts at 30 post operative day .

Genetic study of thalassemia syndrome in Middle Al-Furate area

S.G. Gaafer

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 89-99

Genetic study of thalassemia syndrome in Middle Al-Furate area
S.G. Gaafer
Coll.of Sci./Univ.of Karrbalaa
Abstract
Eighty cases had studied to know model of thalassemia syndrome inheritance by using diagram pedigree record. The samples of male and female were fourty for each one. They have taken from different government's middle Al-Furat area, which they were coming to the thalassemia center regular blood transfusion. The cases which they have family history of the thalassemia syndrome were 57patients and the patients which they have not this history were 23 families.The distribution of incidence of thalassemia syndromes in Karrbalaa, Babylon and Najaf, was 76.25, 12.5 and 5% respectively. The percentage of incidence beta major, beta middle and beta miner was 84.6, 14.10 and 1.28% respectively. From the study of diagram pedigree analysis of the patients revealed that three family groups showed from family history group according to the family history of thalassemia occur the family member. First group appeared thalassemia in three successive generations. In the second group was found that thalassemia detected in two successive generations the two groups have revealed vertical transmission indicting mandelian dominant inheritance pattern of thalassemia. However the third group have displayed the appearance only one generation indicating horizontal recessive inheritance the major percentage.

Study of liver enzymes and phagocytosis activities in experimentally induced diabetes mellitus in puppies

R. K.Muhsen; A. Y. Jassim; E. A. Habeeb; N. A. Alwan

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 8-13

Study of liver enzymes and phagocytosis activities in experimentally induced diabetes mellitus in puppies
R. K.Muhsen A. Y. Jassim N. A. Alwan E. A. Habeeb
Coll.of Vet. Med. / Univ. of Basrah
Abstract
This study was conducted to evaluate the activities of liver enzymes and phagocytic cell activity in puppies with experimentally induced diabetes mellitus. Ten puppies were included in this study which divided into two groups (control and diabetic groups). Diabetes mellitus was induced by single injection of alloxan monohydrate at dose of 100 mg/kg B.w. Into marginal ear vein. Blood samples were collected from animals of both groups at zero time (before alloxan injection), ten days, twenty days and thirty days after alloxan injection to measures the serum glucose levels, liver enzymes Alanin aminotransferase (ALT)& Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and phagocytosis activity against Salmonella typhimurium. The results revealed that, the serum glucose concentration, Alanin aminotransferase and Aspartate aminotransferase activities were elevated starting from the first 10 days period after induction of diabetes mellitus, also there positive relation between the activities of liver enzymes (ALT & AST) and serum glucose level in the animals of diabetic groups. The results also revealed that the animals of diabetic group have deficient phagocytosis activity.

Astudy of causes and mortality rates of the commercial Layers(ISA Brown) in Babylon

M.A.Fahad E.N.Shukayer

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 48-54

Astudy of causes and mortality rates of the commercial Layers(ISA Brown) in Babylon
M.A.Fahad E.N.Shukayer
Technical college / Al-musaib
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of most common diseases of the commercial layer ( ISA Brown ) during growth and production period with reference to the mortality rates caused due to infection for four commercial flocks.The study revealed that the most predominant disease during growth period were omphalitis and yolk infection, infectious bursal disease, Marcks disease and air sacculitis, the total mortality rates were 0.53, 3.24, 0.64 and 2.77 % for the first, second, third and fourth flock respectively, while the most predominant diseases during production period were Newcastle disease, egg peritonitis, enteritis, asphyxia and culling, the total mortality rates due to these disease were; 3.02, 0.28, 0.34 and 0.11 % for the first, second, third and fourth flocks respectively. It was concluded that laying hens (ISA Brown) were characterized by low mortalities in this study may be due to the effective vaccination program and good management of the stocks, in addition to the light breed of the laying hens which was of high resistance against different infectious diseases.

The effect of partial and complete substitution of rice broken instead of corn in returns and productive performance of Lohmann layer hens

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 31-38

The effect of partial and complete substitution of rice broken instead of corn in returns and productive performance of Lohmann layer hens
Abstract
This experiment was conducted on poultry farms of Al-Kufa Company for eggs production from 1/5/2007 to 1/9/2007. The study aimed to investigate the effect of substituting rice broken for corn in layer diets. Seventy two thousands hens (40 weeks old) commercial Lohmann brown egg breed were used in the study. The hens were randomly distributed into four treatments (4 houses).Each house contained 18000 hens and 5 replicates per treatment each replicate contained 3600 hen which were distributed into three stages each one contained 1200 hens which located in wire-cages each cage contain 4 hens. The hens fed the experimental diets, which were as following:
T1: 15% corn (control)
T2: 10% corn + 5% rice broken
T3: 5% corn + 10% rice broken
T4: 0% corn + 15% rice broken
Data were collected for weight gain, live body weight, egg production (%), egg mass, egg weight, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, mortality and productive costs per (4) weeks during the 40-56 weeks of age.
Results showed that:
- No significant differences (P<0.05) were found among treatments in weight gain, live body weight, egg weight, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and mortality rate at different egg production periods.
- There were significant differences (P<0.05) in each treatment at all production periods. The highest weight gain was at 44 and 48 weeks age, however the lowest weight gain was at 56 weeks age.
- There were significant differences (P<0.05) among treatments in egg production and egg mass. T1 and T2 showed the highest of them was at 44 and 48 weeks age, however T3 and T4 showed the lowest egg production and egg mass at was 56 weeks age.

The relationship among body condition score at parturition, Parity and the open days in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows.

H. O. AL-Hilfee

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 57-61

The relationship among body condition score at parturition, Parity and the open days in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows.
H. O. AL-Hilfee
Coll. of Vet.Med./Unive. of Al-Qadisiya
Abstract
The current study was performed to find out the effect of body condition score "BCS" and parity on the days open in dairy cattle. Sixty two Holstein –Friesian dairy cows were used in this study. Using a scale of 0-5 for measuring BCS at parturition and classifying the cows into high BCS "BCS >= 3 " and low BCS "BCS < 3 " also classifying the cows into four group according to parity " 1st cycle , 2nd ,3rd ,& multi cycle group " .A statistical analysis were applied using double analysis of variance to find out mentioned effect . The results reveal that there's significant statistical difference (P<0.01) between BCS and the open days "versus relationship ", while parity didn’t show such difference with the open days. The BCS at parturition is an important criterion for the reproductive performance after calving in dairy cows.

Effect on genetic groups and season in seminal plasma protein traits for Awassi sheep and their crossbreds as a measurement of reproductive activity for rams.

H.M. Ali; H.M.H. AL Malaly; A.H.AL Haboby

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 84-88

Effect on genetic groups and season in seminal plasma protein traits for Awassi sheep and their crossbreds as a measurement of reproductive activity for rams.
H.M. Ali H.M.H. AL Malaly A.H.AL Haboby
Coll.of Agri./ Unvi. of Babylon AIDC/Sudan
Abstract
The study was conducted at goat breeding station ,Abu grab, Baghdad. total protein concentration ,Albumin and Globulin and type of Globulins ( Alpha , Beta and Gama) was calculated in (11)rams,3 local Awassi (L) 4 (DHTL)(0.25 D'amin, 0.25 Hamadani, 0.25Turkish Awassi,0.25Local Awassi) and 4(DHAL) (0.25 D'amin, 0.25 Hamadani, 0.25 Assaf, 0.25 Local Awassi).Seminal Plasma was separated from semen monthly for two seasons hot (May-June–July) and moderated (September-November).Season significantly (P<0.05) affected total protein concentration where as hot season was superior in this trait (3.64±0.21) comparison with moderate season (2.73±0.16).No effect of genetic groups on all traits of seminal plasma protein. Some traits of seminal plasma protein were affected by interaction between genetic groups and season. DHAL was superior in some traits in hot season compared with moderate. It was conclusion that protein was important factor in evaluation of semen especially albumin and globulins in addition that we can breed DHAL and DHTL in hot season normally.

The relation of thalassemia with blood groups , weight and some blood parameters

R.A.Jaud; A.A.Hmad and; W.J.Albazii S.J.Albazii; Y.M.Al-qizwiny

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 71-75

The relation of thalassemia with blood groups , weight and some blood parameters
W.J.Albazii S.J.Albazii R.A.Jaud A.A.Hmad and Y.M.Al-qizwiny

Abstract
One handered infected male with major thalassemia compared with 100 normal male by using student T-test with age ranged between (15-25) years. The result shown that significant decrease (P<0.05) in estimation of hemoglobin , packed cell volume and red blood cell count and in body weight .This study related to A blood are highly incidence in infected male than in other groups.

Anatomical and Morphometrical study of the trachea of female buffalose in Ninavah Province

A.A. Hasso

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 76-83

Anatomical and Morphometrical study of the trachea of female buffalose in Ninavah Province
A.A. Hasso
Coll.of Vete.Med./ Univ.of Mousl
Abstract
The study was carried out on ten trachea samples taken from female buffaloes that were clinically healthy and were (4.5-5) years old. Samples were fixed in (10%) formalin and studied grossly. The study showed that the buffaloes trachea was a tubular structure consisted of series of successively arranged cartilaginous rings that were in completed dorsally. The mucous membrane revealed number of dorsally disposed longitudinal folds. The tracheal bronchus originated from the right side only at the distal part of the trachea. The shape of the crosse sections of the rostral part of the trachea was almost oval and there was a wide distance between the free ends of cartilaginous rings dorsally so that it assumes a (C) shape. However , the free ends of cartilaginous ring in mid-third of the trachea overlapping each other in a manner that the left free end of the cartilage is disposed above the right free end. Longitudinal section of the trachea at the ventral and lateral sides revealed a successive arrangement of cartilaginous rings and it was shown that the thickness of these rings was greater in the ventral aspect than that in the two lateral sides. The widths of these rings become greater in the dorso-lateral sides if compared with the ventral and lateral sides of the rings. It was also noticed that all external and internal diameters as well as the thickness of tracheal wall become smaller in the rostro – caudal direction.

Measurement of protein and creatinine levels in serum and urine of cadmium exposed rabbits

H. A. Al-Abass

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 53-56

Measurement of protein and creatinine levels in serum and urine of cadmium exposed rabbits

H. A. Al-Abass
Coll. of Vet.Med./Unive. of Al-Qadisiya
Abstract
Male rabbits were exposed to cadmium during 16 weeks by subcutaneous injections of 0.25mg cadmium Cd (CdCl2) per kg B.W.3times per week, Creatinine in serum ,Cd in blood as well as total protein, Creatinine ,Cd in urine were determined before exposure and after 3,7 weeks of exposure.Measurments were also made at 19 weeks, 3 weeks after the last exposure. During exposure there was slight increase in total protein/Creatinine ratio among rabbits with the highest exposure ,while no effect of the cadmium burden could be observed once exposure had ceased.Urinary excretion of total protein was related to urinary pH in the high exposure group, significant increase in urine total protein excretion indicative of renal tubular dysfunction was seen after 7 weeks of exposure .This was ,however not related to serum total protein level.It was concluded that before renal damage has occurred even heavy cadmium exposure has very little influence on serum total protein level.

Atopy in relationship with recurrent vaginal candidiasis in rabbits

R. A. Faaz

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 35-44

Atopy in relationship with recurrent vaginal candidiasis in rabbits
R. A. Faaz
Coll.Vet.Med./ Unive. of Basrah
Abstract
To determine whether there is an association between atopy and recurrent vaginal candidiasis (RVC) and to evaluate the type-2 immune response in rabbits with RVC. Evaluation of immediate hypersensitivity skin tests to aeroallergens, measurement of total IgE and Candida albicans specific IgE and levels of IL-5 in 10 rabbits (females ) with RVC and 8 rabbits with sporadic vaginal candidiasis (SVC). Statistical analyses were performed by Mann–Whitney test and X2 test with Yates correction. History of atopy (60%) and positive skin test (42.8%) were higher (P<0•05) in RVC than in rabbits with SVC. No significant difference was found in total IgE, C. albicans specific IgE and IL-5 levels. There was a strong association between atopy and RVC, but type-2 immune response to C.albicans antigen have residual mitogenic faction or epitope