Print ISSN: 1818-5746

Online ISSN: 2313-4429

Keywords : Children

Study the association between Enterobius vermicularis infection and enuresis among children in Al-Najaf city

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, 2015, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 104-108

Enterobius vermicularis or pinworms infection is one of the most prevalent worms found in children worldwide, nocturnal enuresis is an involuntary and un desirable bedwetting beyond age of anticipated bladder control. There is a possible association between certain infection and the propensity to develop nocturnal enuresis including intestinal helminthes infection. Prospective study included (285) randomly selected children aged range (3-14) years from both sex. The children were examined for E. vermicularis infection by adhesive cellotape anal swap. Nocturnal enuresis rates were investigated before and after mebendazole treatment in children with E. vermicularis to search for the association between E. vermicularis infection and enuresis. The overall infection infection rate reported in this study was 37.89% (108/285) divided as 53.70% infection rate for females and 46.29%for males, there are no significant differences between male and female infection. The results showed that E. vermicularis is one of the most frequent intestinal helminthes with nocturnal enuresis among children in Al-Najaf city. From the results, the percentage of children who had entrobiasis and enuresis before treatment mebendazole drug was 26.66%, whereas the percentage after treatment was 14.03%.%14.03.

Effect of enterocin produced by Enterococcus faecalis on bacteria that cause diarrhea in children and young sheep

H. S. Awayid; Kh.M.Khamas

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, 2013, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 32-44

A total of 300 samples (100 samples from feases healthy adult persons, adult persons suffer from diarrhea and100 feases healthy child and from feases children suffer from diarrhea and 100 samples from feases young sheep suffer from diarrhea ) , taken from various hospitals in the Baghdad city during the period from January to April 2012. All isolates were subjected to the cultural, microscopical, biochemical examinations by Vitek 2 for identification up to the species. The results showed that 40 isolates belonged to Enterococcus faecalis of which, 25 isolates from diarrhea cause and 15 isolates from normal flora , 31 isolates of which 18 isolates belonged to E.coli and 5 isolates belonged to E.coliO157:H7 and 8 isolates belonged to Salmonella spp. All isolates were subjected to cultural ,microscopical, biochemical examinations and used( API 20 –E) strip. and sensitivity of 31 isolates was tested against (11-9) Antibiotics. Results revealed that isolates showed multi resistance to antibiotics, All isolates of E.coli and E.coliO157:H7 ,Salmonella spp.resistant to some antibiotics for negative Bacteria and belonging to the group Enterobacteriaceae. And Detection of the ability of E. faecalis local isolates to produce enterocin by testing the inhibitory activity agar and broth in two media MRS,BHI and two method against bacteria cause diarrhea. And The results showed a variety of the local isolates in their inhibitory effect against bacteria cause diarrhea in children and young sheep by inhibitor zone between (12-20) mm and was MRS liquid and solid the best media from the brain heart infusion .

Detection of Campylobacter spp. in children diarrhea by using Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR technique in Al-Diwanyiah Governorate.

A. H. AL-Hamadani; Z.F.Saleh

AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, 2011, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 45-54

This study was conducted in order to identify of Campylobacter spp. As a causative agent of diarrhea in children using routine laboratory diagnosis (direct and culture methods) in comparison with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique as a confirm diagnostic tool.A total of 100 children stool samples were collected from both sexes at ages less than two years olds suffering from diarrhea who admitted the maternity and Pediatric Teaching hospital in Al-Diwaniyiah Governorate from December 2007 to August 2008.Based on the clinical and laboratory diagnosis, results revealed that the percent of Campylobacter isolation was 8% included C. coli and C. jejuni for children samples. In addition, the results haven't revealed any statistically significant (P≥0.01) between the rate of infection and sexes, while there was a statistically significant (P≤0.01) between these rates and ages, where it noted that patients (>1) years old were more prone to infect with Campylobacter spp. exposure to infections.The results revealed that the PCR positive samples contained one band of amplified DNA with molecular weight (816 bp) after electrophoresis and examined under UV- transilluminator. The study also showed that the sensitivity and specificity of PCR technique were 40% and 100% respectively for examination children samples, when compared with direct examination, but were with culture method were 33% and 100%; respectively in children.